Symphysodon discus

Common Names: Heckel Discus
Family: Cichlidae
Category: Cichlids
Distribution: America - South; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela are the countries where Heckels are found
Main Ecosystem: River; Heckels are found in the tributaries and slower rivers of the Amazon
Temperament: Peaceful; Heckels are very peaceful and timid fish. They should only be kept with fish that have similar temperaments. Active fish may stress a Heckel.
Diet: Carnivore; Heckels are very carnivorous fish, but due to their small mouth, are forced to feed on the smallest of foods. Bloodworms, brine shrimp, mosquito larvae, and the like should be large parts of the Heckel’s diet.
Care: Heckel discus are moderately demanding fish. Their demand on pH and hardness usually limit what other life forms can live with discus. They do require soft, acidic water, but can be acclimated to general water conditions if proper care is taken.
The habitat where Heckels are from is mostly tree stumps and branches, and their aquarium should be modeled after this. While Heckels make great compliments to a planted tank, they do not like the intense light that planted tanks usually require. If Hec
5 - 6.5
27°C - 33°C
81°F - 91°F
3 dH - 15 dH
Potential Size: Male: 18cm (7.1")
Female: 18cm (7.1")
Water Region: Middle; Middle
Activity: Diurnal; Diurnal
Gender: Heckel discus can only be sexed when breeding. During the mating process, the male will have a long, narrow, and pointed genital papilla, while the female’s is short and stubby.
Breeding: To breed Heckels, the pH should be dropped to about 6, and water hardness should be dropped to about 3 to 4°dH. Usually the male will clean the spawning site, and once clean, 150 to 450 eggs will be laid on the cleaned site. Both parents will take care of the eggs and spawning site.
Once free swimming and their yoke sac is used, the fry will eat a special slime coating off of the sides of the parents. After a little under a week of eating off the parents, the fry will be able to accept smaller
Comments: The discus is a very well know fish in the aquarium hobby, and it is know for its beauty and elegance, along with being extremely delicate. However, through countless breeding, discus are becoming more and more hardy. However, this is usually limited to Symphysodon aequifasciatus, which is what most fancy discus are. Symphysodon discus, the Heckel discus, are harder to come by, and are usually wild caught, thus usually difficult to keep.
Main Colours: Brown, Black, Blue
Markings: Striped Vertical
Mouth: Normal
Tail: Flat
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Submitted By: Racso
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